With the rapid advancements in Internet technology. Web Development has emerged as a lucrative career with great career aspects. There are lots of career paths that you can take. Web Development is a vast field it entails lots of things in its scope. You need to learn a lot to become a web developer and it is a continuous process, as with the advancement in internet technology new technologies emerge at a rapid pace, while the old ones are being discarded.
So it’s very intimidating to know how to get started with web development. Only the basics are the same whichever path you may take, but during the rest of the journey, web development will give you a lot of choices. In this beginner’s guide to web development, I will briefly introduce you to the concept of Web Development and also guide you on how you can get started with it. So you can make the most out of your time. Let’s dig in…
What is Web Development?
Web development has gained an enormous amount of popularity in recent years. It is because of the rapid developments in Internet technologies and our increased dependency on these technologies. We have become so dependent on these Internet technologies that I can’t even imagine our lives without them.
Web Development is a very vast field. It involves designing and developing Websites. About a decade ago, Web Developers only required to make static websites. But today websites are dynamic and are very vibrant. Before people used only basic technologies such as HTML and a bit of CSS to create static websites. But today, it incorporates lots of things, a Web Developer need not only be familiar with the languages that they need to used to develop the Websites. They also need to be aware of lots of other things, such as visual appeal, security, accessibility, even color theory.
Not only Web Development is a vast field, but it is also a constantly changing field. Newer technologies emerge every now and then, replacing legacy technologies often. So you need to update your skill-set accordingly.
Scope of Web Development/Career Aspects?
Web development is a very lucrative field. Web developers are in high demand everywhere. You can discern it from the fact that more than half a million websites are being created everywhere. Career Aspects are endless unless you have enough determination. Determination is required because it is very easy to feel lost in this fast field of Web Development. But worry not we will guide you through the journey briefly. But let’s look at the career aspects to get you motivated.
Career Aspects In Web Developments can be primarily classified in these three categories:-
The role of a front-end developer is very important, as the success or failure of any website depends on this. Today people are very picky when visiting a website to read something. When you open a website, you quickly decide whether it’s good in just a few seconds. Whether you find a website good depends upon various things such as user interface and color scheme.
The visual aspect of the website is the primary concern of the front-end developers. They handle how the website ends up looking. They manage things like the way a button responds when you hover over it or the way an element changes when you interact with it. It’s the responsibility of the front-end developers to implement these effects. These effects are used to make the websites more engaging. The efforts of the front-end developers are directly visible to the visitors of the web application.
Back-end developers are the people who develop and manage the server-side logic of web applications. Together with front-end developers, they are like two-side of a coin. One can’t exist without the other. Only while working together they can create a website. Back-end developers manage things like What is being done with the data sent from the front-end, Where to store it, etc. They integrate the front-end with the back-end.
Most of the efforts of the back-end developers are usually not notable. But they are necessary for the creation of a website. They need to be aware of the back-end technologies that are in use, i.e. various web servers, databases, and other tools like version control, etc. I know all this can be overwhelming, but don’t worry we will make it easy for you with this guide to web development.
Full-stack developer’s role justifies the statement jack of all trades. Basically, a full-stack developer works as both front and back-end and can develop the front-end, back-end, and everything in between for a website. They are experts in both front-end frameworks as well back-end frameworks. If need be, they can design a website by themselves completely.
Position of a full-stack developer even though, it seems interesting. But, it requires an enormous amount of efforts to reach that point. Where you can call yourself full-stack web developers. They usually have higher pay as compared to the other two. And if you aspire to be a freelancer, then I believe this is the career path for you.
How to get started with web development?
Getting started is always the most difficult thing. Doesn’t matter what is it you need to get started with it’s the most intimidating thing to do. And in a vast field like web-development, it can be even more intimidating. There will always be something you need to learn. Even the people with 10 years of experience can’t say that they know everything and that’s what makes it attractive for many people. Every project you take is unique. Web development isn’t a monotonous job. So let’s start the guide to web development and see how we can get started with it.
To get started with it, first, you need to be familiar with the basics languages of HTML, J.S., CSS. These are like the basic building blocks of the websites. Doesn’t matter which website we may see on the internet, it must use a combination of these three languages. Not too long ago we created all the websites using only these. But today, for the most common tasks we have pre-built frameworks. Using these frameworks can significantly speed up the development process.
Let’s briefly see what does these things mean
- HTML:-HTML expands to HyperText Markup Language. The HyperText means that the text contains the links that allow the users to jump between pages or within pages. It was initially developed in 1989. It makes use of tags to define the structure of the web page. We can create a web page by only using HTML, but it won’t be very visually appealing. It is used with other technologies to build the websites we see on the internet.
After learning the basics you will need to learn about web servers, databases. There are a bunch of web servers and databases available to choose from. First, learn the basics of web databases, and servers and later you can choose a software stack to speed up the learning.
Choose a Software Stack:- After you learn the basics. You need to choose a software stack to work with. To create a website there are several approaches and choosing a unique approach requires you to use a unique set of tools for development. A software stack is just a collection of software packages that works well together. There are lots of popular software stacks out there, they are popular because they can ease up the whole process of website creation. Usually, the packages in a web development stack works well with each other. So let’s take a look at the various software stacks that are available for us to use.
- LAMP:- LAMP stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP. This is one of the oldest development stacks out there. It is popular because all these technologies are open source and freely available to use. And even though it’s free, it doesn’t compromise on quality. It is still widely used. Many CMS engines such as word press use this development stack for their website. One of the reason a lot of people still stick with it because of the extensive support that they can get. All the technologies in the LAMP stack have been around for over around 2 decades. Whereas, all the other development stacks are relatively new.
- MERN:- In the MERN development stack React replaces the Angular. React is created and managed by Facebook. React has gained popularity in recent years. It offers a well-written documentation. It is quite easier to get started with react.
- Ruby On Rails:- Ruby on Rails is a web development framework that uses Ruby language. The learning curve for this framework is quite steep. It is created to make web development easier by making assumptions about what every developer needs to get started. It allows you to write less code while accomplishing more than many other languages and frameworks. Ruby On Rails makes you use DRY code. It means Don’t Repeat Yourself.
Guide to web development– Where to learn all this things.
There are thousands of free resources available out there. But, according to me, FreeCodeCamp provides one of the best curriculum out there. Its curriculum is complete and trains you in various aspects. You get certificates for each course you complete. The whole course is divided into various units. Other than this there are many more.
Skills Required to become a web developer:
Having a right set of skills is important for any sort of profession. Web Development also requires a certain type of skills to succeed in this profession.
Interpersonal Skills:- Interpersonal skills are important for both personal and professional lives. But it is important for a field such as web development. Having good interpersonal skills enables you to better communicate with both clients and your team. Its importance develops even more once you take on a senior role in web development. You can only create a successful website once you know what your client expects you to do for them. And same is the case for your colleagues.
Thirst For Knowledge:- Web development is a very dynamic field. New technologies emerge every day replacing the legacy ones. And you need to keep yourself up to date. With the changing industry trends. It is very important to be flexible in this industry. You will be constantly required to learn new things, to tackle the new problems that may arise everyday.
Write Neat Code:- Writing code and writing clean code makes a hell lot of difference. It is better to learn clean code writing habits at the beginning of your career. As it gets difficult to unlearn something which you learn. Clear code in computing doesn’t mean that looks beautiful to see. A clean code is self-explanatory and easier to understand. It is well documented for future reference. You can read more about clean code writing practices from here.
Debugging:- Debugging is another important aspect of web development. While coding there often are times when there is unexpected error arises in a seemingly well-written program. And to tackle this problem you need to be good at debugging. Usually, more time is spent in debugging a problem when it arises rather than writing the entire code.